Aspects for Evaluation of the Effect of Natural and Artificial Bodies of Water to Protected Areas’ Landscape

  • Nijolė Piekienė
  • Antanas Stančius


The landscape - how a person usually understands it - is the visible surface of the Earth environmentalimage. This is a reflection of natural processes and a reflection of cultural change, which constantlychanges across time and space. It is the foundation of national identity and is a part of life quality.Understanding, protecting, managing and forming landscape’s identity and concept as an evolvingphenomenon at the same time meeting the economic, social, cultural, ecological and aesthetic needs ofthe public is one of the top priority goals of the state (Bučas, 2001).Landscape as a term is associated with art, history, geography, ecology, politics disciplines andplanning and design. The landscape can only be created by natural processes - the natural landscape orlandscape, which felt human intervention, is called cultural landscape. Cultural landscape has a plethoraof man-made objects - buildings, roads, bridges, quarries and other engineering infrastructure.The novelty of the work: this work extends the knowledge on the Lithuanian state parks’ landscape.The paper first describes bodies of water as a natural and urban element that affects protected areas’landscape.