Solar Photovoltaic Systems in the Built Environment: Today Trends and Future Challenges


  • Rokas Valancius Kaunas University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Studentų st. 48, LT-51367 Kaunas
  • Anies Mutiari Center for Material and Technical Product, Ministry of Industry of Republic Indonesia, Jl. Sangkuriang 14, 40135 Bandung West Java
  • Anju Singh National Institute of Solar Energy, Department of Solar Thermal, Gurugram, Haryana 122003
  • Cynthia Alexander Seychelles Energy Commission, PO Box 1488, Palms Street, Victoria, Mahe
  • Diana Arteta De La Cruz Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, Av. Universitaria 1801, San Miguel, Lima 32, Peru
  • Federico E del Pozo Jr Industrial Technology Development Institute of Science and Technology, DOST Compound, Bicutan, Taguig City



renewable energy sources (RES), photovoltaic (PV) systems, building-integrated PV systems (BIPV), PV prices


Over the last decade, the research trends on PV systems are mainly focused on improving reliability, efficiency, and power quality, reducing the cost, integrating at various scales with a grid and contributing to development of microgrid and smart grid solutions. At the same time, many companies in recent years have been focusing on building-integrated PV systems, solar flowers, solar roadways, solar street lights and other innovative solutions for the built environment.

This paper presents a review of the past and present status, as well as the future challenges of solar photovoltaic technology in the built environment. The main focus in the paper is put on a current technology, contemporary research trends and future challenges. The various aspects related to the global renewable energy sources and the PV markets, the cost and technology of photovoltaic modules are addressed and discussed.