Solar Photovoltaic Systems in the Built Environment: Today Trends and Future Challenges
Keywords:renewable energy sources (RES), photovoltaic (PV) systems, building-integrated PV systems (BIPV), PV prices
Over the last decade, the research trends on PV systems are mainly focused on improving reliability, efficiency, and power quality, reducing the cost, integrating at various scales with a grid and contributing to development of microgrid and smart grid solutions. At the same time, many companies in recent years have been focusing on building-integrated PV systems, solar flowers, solar roadways, solar street lights and other innovative solutions for the built environment.
This paper presents a review of the past and present status, as well as the future challenges of solar photovoltaic technology in the built environment. The main focus in the paper is put on a current technology, contemporary research trends and future challenges. The various aspects related to the global renewable energy sources and the PV markets, the cost and technology of photovoltaic modules are addressed and discussed.