The System of Environmental Networks for the use of Archaeological Sites in Areas of Natural Beauty
Keywords:archaeological heritage, environmental networks, sustainable fruition, ecological networks
AbstractEvery action to protect archaeological heritage requires environmental transformations, especially when such interventions are aimed at make available (usable, accessible, readable even in the early stages of investigation) a site through a proper infrastructure of the area. An archaeological site is, in fact, a system characterized by complex interrelated relationships that must be supported by networks able to provide technological control of complex functions. In this regard, this research aims to study in particular the system of infrastructural networks (communication, energy supply, integrated water cycle) in the service of taking care of archaeological sites as well as the interaction with the ecological and landscape network that covers the area. The encounter between infrastructural networks and ecological and landscape creates a new type of network, that can be defined as “environmental” and which takes account not only of supply and flow of matter and energy, but also the needs of environmental sub-systems water, air and soil. The research is also applied to the archaeological site of “the Villa di Pollio Felice” in the town of Sorrento, which, for the characteristics of the archaeological park with strong environmental and landscape values, is particularly suitable for the application of the aforementioned concepts.