The Multicriteria Representation and Eco-Technological Survey of Compromised Territories: the Case Study of the Regi Lagni
Keywords:environmental recovery, multidimensional representation, systemic approach, technological-ecological issues
AbstractIt is important that the technical development, which tends to be sectored knowledge, is characterized by an integrated management of transformations especially in a time in history when the anthropic changes affecting more and more deeply on the environment. In this respect, the present work proposes a methodology of approach to the problem of the study of compromised territories that have multi-disciplinary nature and involves areas of the territorial survey and environmental technologies. These disciplines have the common aim of seeking operating reversible practices that constitute the basis to direct recovery project in an eco-oriented key. The territorial survey and the multicriteria representation of acquired and processed data provide an important input to the territorial analysis through innovative detection systems. This systems allow the acquisition of data for the land use monitoring, the identification of surface waterway, the survey of areas exposed to landslide risk, the analysis of the physical and biological characteristics of watercourses and identifying polluted areas. This information, supplemented with historical documents and maps, allow the understanding of the dynamics of change occurred over time. The eco-technological survey of the examinated territory is the investigation phase in which descriptive data on the environmental conditions (climatic and microclimatic data, fruitive characters, networks system, etc..) are systematized. This step is, therefore, preparatory to the definition of the strategic objectives for the recovery project in a sustainable key, that frames the territory as a complex fabric in which each process is controlled so that the cost of the changes, in environmental, economic and social terms, not is transferred to future generations. The research focuses on the area of the Regi Lagni, ancient system of artificial drainage in the province of Caserta (Italy), which is interesting for the concentration of significant alterations of the environmental subsystems of water, air and soil.