Obtaining Porous Ceramics Using Shredded Paper and Foamglass Pellets
Keywords:ecological materials, insulation material, porous ceramics, production waste
Within this research, carbonized clay, chamotte, as well as burn–out additives – widespread fillers (shredded paper and foamglass pellets) are used for the acquisition of porous ceramics, despite the fact that these fillers are not frequently used as burnable filler in traditional ceramics. The investigation of optimal mix content of raw materials, burning treatment was developed for obtaining improved mechanical properties of porous ceramics. The physical-mechanical properties of obtained ceramics were evaluated.
Proportion of dry clay, shredded paper, foamglass pellets, chamotte and water used in the investigations varied, changing the amount of fillers in order to obtain the samples with better mechanical properties.
Components of dry mixture for samples with shredded paper are dosed according to mass, where dry, milled clay was 63 – 69 %, shredded paper 2 – 12 %, water – 25%, but chamotte 0 – 4 %. When making porous ceramics using foamglass pellets as burnable filler, clay and water were used, where dry, milled clay was 57 – 69 %, water – 25 %, but foamglass pellets 6 – 18 %.
Following results were obtained for the samples with shredded paper used as a filler: shrinkage after the drying from 1.33 % up to 8.78 %, shrinkage after burning – 3.33-11.56%, density – 1256.64-1567.97 kg/m3, water absorption – 9.23-16.70 % and compressive strength – 1.17-4.66 MPa.
While for samples with foamglass pellets used as a filler following results were obtained: shrinkage after the drying – 2.22 – 3.08%, shrinkage after burning – 5.44 – 6.11 %, density – 861.71 – 1178.34 kg/m3, water absorption – 8.33 – 10.21 % and compressive strength – 1.15 – 1.94 MPa.
Porous ceramic materials obtained within this research are breathing; they are not only thermally stable materials, but also resistant to thermal impacts, corrosion and are easy in processing.
Obtained results of the research testify that these porous ceramics materials have great potential of application, but speaking about the material usage for load-bearing constructions, strength indicators must be improved by following researches using nano- additives, the fillers such as glass and fire clay, developing the technology of producing (mix contents, drying and burning processes) ceramics which improve compressive strength indicators of the sample.
The following investigation will be devoted to developing more effective material with relation density/stiffness by controlling thermal conductivity properties.